File:Adenozin Hrvatski: Shema građe adenozin trifosfata | Description=Shema građe adenozin trifosfata |Date= English Turkish online dictionary Tureng, translate words and terms with different pronunciation options. adenosine triphosphate adenozin trifosfat atp. Translations in context of “adenozin-trifosfat” in Romanian-English from Reverso Context: Menținerea nivelurilor de adenozin-trifosfat (ATP) prin reducerea.

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However, it is also necessary to transport phosphate into the mitochondrion; the phosphate carrier moves a proton in with each phosphate, partially dissipating the proton gradient.

adenozin trifosfat

The equation for the oxidation of glucose to lactic acid is:. Calculation of the true concentrations of species present in mixtures of associating ions”. After completing glycolysis, the Citric Acid Cycle, electrons transport chain, and oxidative phosphorylation, approximately ATP are produced per glucose. A human will typically use up his or her body weight of ATP over the course of the day. A transaminase converts the oxaloacetate to aspartate for transport back across the membrane and into the intermembrane space.

File:Adenozin – Wikimedia Commons

This is not a good example for the translation above. It involves substrate-level phosphorylation in the absence of a respiratory electron transport chain.


Trifoafat metabolism Iron metabolism Ethanol metabolism. The human genome encodes 48 ABC transporters, that are used for exporting drugs, lipids, and other compounds. Transport is mediated by ATP binding cassette transporters.

ATP is either secreted directly adennozin the cell membrane through channel proteins [28] [29] or is pumped into vesicles [30] which then fuse with the membrane.

Metabolic pathway Metabolic network Primary nutritional groups. In oxidative phosphorylation, the passage of trifofsat from NADH and FADH 2 through the electron transport chain pumps protons out of the mitochondrial matrix and into the intermembrane space.

ATP can also be synthesized through several so-called “replenishment” reactions catalyzed by the enzyme families of nucleoside diphosphate kinases NDKswhich use other nucleoside triphosphates as a high-energy phosphate donor, and the ATP: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Cobalamins Vitamin B Salts of ATP can be isolated as colorless solids. Cheese analogues Coffee substitutes Egg substitutes Meat analogues bacon list Milk substitutes Phyllodulcin Salt substitutes. An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals 13th ed. Electron acceptors are other than oxygen.

Interactive image Interactive image. Bioenergetics 3 3rd ed.


ATP analogs are also used in X-ray crystallography to determine a protein structure in complex with ATP, often together with other substrates. Fatty acid metabolism Fatty acid degradation Beta oxidation Fatty acid synthesis.

Glycolysis generates two equivalents of ATP through substrate phosphorylation catalyzed by two enzymes, PGK and pyruvate kinase. Photosynthesis Anoxygenic photosynthesis Chemosynthesis Carbon fixation. Views Read Edit View history. Glycolysis is viewed as consisting of two phases with trifostat steps each.

Kinases are the most common ATP-binding proteins. In addition, in Step 10, two further equivalents of ATP are produced. The “machinery” is similar to that in mitochondria except that light energy is used to pump protons across a membrane to produce a proton-motive force. In the absence of oxygen, the ttifosfat acid cycle ceases.

They share a small number of common folds. Dozens of ATP equivalents are generated by the beta-oxidation of a single long acyl chain. In glycolysis, glucose and glycerol are metabolized to pyruvate.